They say time moves ahead.
But sometimes in history we move ahead in time, we take a step forward, and it changes the world. And once we have stepped ahead — time forever changes, the way the world looks itself changes, for that step is such a large one, that it moves humanity ahead in time.

We handpicked twelve such dawns, which were never the same as the previous ones.

As Edison once said – “I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work.” And after all those failures and sleepless nights, once the correct “approach” was found, that colossal moment ensures that the world ahead is forever changed. Those nodes, those people, and those works – need to be recalled time and again to keep the wheel rolling. And it is inventions of such magnitude, that we choose to remember throughout this year - 12 such moments, which will keep us aspired.

This page is a tribute from Prakash Group to all those people who succeeded or laid the path to success in trying to change the world.
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Story 1: Edison & Electric Light

Thomas Alva Edison
(February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931)


While the world struggled to harness cheap electricity, he said “we will make electricity so cheap, that only the rich will burn candles” and for the first time candle-lit dinners turned into a metaphor for a lavish lifestyle.

It is quite right when one says that Edison led to the first mass production of utilitarian industrial items. The world knows him as the inventor of the electric bulb, while his laboratory in Menlo Park, was no lesser an amazement. This facility taught the world for the first time the ability of the human race to formally endeavor towards collective research & knowledge.

Edison had more than 1000 patents to his name, belonging to USA, UK, France, and Germany.
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Story-2: Getting the wheels rolling

Karl Friedrich Benz
(November 25, 1844 – April 4, 1929)


On the eve of new years of 1879, the first motor-car roamed the streets of Germany, soon to pave the path for the one of the largest industries of the world, automobiles.

It was in the year 1885, that Carl Benz developed his first functional two-seater automobile that ran on a one-cylinder, two stroke engine. This model of the Benz engine may be considered as the birth of the automobiles.

Few know, but at that time Benz was asked to put a fake horse head on the chassis of his automobiles so that it does not frighten the real horses on the streets.
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Story-3: Rontgen and his X-ray

Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen
(March 27, 1845 – February 10, 1923)


Wilhelm Rontgen – the scientist who invented death itself.
Rontgen is remembered for the invention of the X-ray, and the first person to be X-rayed, his wife, had claimed that she had seen her ‘death’.

He was awarded the first Nobel Prize in Physics, in 1901, for detecting and producing an electromagnetic ray within a certain wavelength, popularly known as the X-ray. He donated all the money received from the Nobel committee, and refused to take patents for his discovery.

In November, 2004, the element 111, was named in his honor, as Roentgenium (Rg).
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Story-4: Photoelectric Effect

Albert Einstein
(March 14, 1879 – April 18, 1955)


Einstein is known to physicians as the founder of one of the pillars of modern physics, and to the general population through his formula ‘e=mc2’, also known as the world’s most famous equation.

But he was awarded the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the law of the Photoelectric Effect, which eventually led to the Quantum revolution. Quantum theory and his general theory of relativity are considered to be the two things that led to the advent of modern physics. Albert Einstein led the groundwork for scientific aspiration, and applied physics that the school was to follow for years to come.
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Story-5: 1907 - Age of Plastics

Leo Henricus Arthur Baekeland
(November 14, 1863 – February 23, 1944)


It is one thing to discover something, and another to change the way the world looks. Before the discovery of ‘Bakelite’, an inexpensive, non-flammable, and versatile form of plastic, almost every plastic item this world holds, was made out of metal or ceramics.

Almost all household items we use today are from a derivative of ‘Bakelite’, which marks the ‘age of plastics.’ He almost single handedly revolutionized the goods industry thus ended the ‘age of metals’ and Baekeland was appointed as the Professor of Chemistry at the University of Colombia.
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Story-6: - “The Secret of Life”

James Dewey Watson
(Born April 6, 1928)

Francis Harry Compton Crick
(June 8, 1916 – July 28, 2004)


Last year scientists embarked on an assignment to document elusive and nocturnal small carnivores in Meghalayan moist jungles. Yes, the task was difficult but not impossible, at least not in the 21st century. Animal poops were collected from the jungle. The DNA from these would be analyzed in the lab for predator identity.

The “Godfathers of DNA”, James Watson and Francis Crick, would be astounded by the application of their phenomenal discovery - that of discovering the DNA double-helical structure, for which they received the Nobel Prize in 1953.

Today, genetics is applied to agriculture, medicine and stem-cell research.

“At lunch Francis Crick winged into the Eagle (pub) to tell everyone within hearing distance - we had found the secret of life” – Watson
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Story-7: The real life fiction

Theodore Harold "Ted" Maiman
(July 11, 1927 – May 5, 2007)


Was it Maiman’s discovery of the LASER that led to the fictional concepts of Laser-swords and Laser-guns, or was it the concepts itself that led in his search for the LASER, one shall never know.

It was in 1961, that he fully developed the first ‘ruby-laser’ which soon led to the widespread use of it in different derivatives in both industrial and research purposes.

But leaving the fiction aside, this discovery moved the world forward by leaps and bounds as many tasks that were considered heavy-duty (like cutting a big piece of metal into two halves) were now simpler than ever.
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Story-8: All in good humour

Richard Phillips Feynman
(May 11, 1918 – February 15, 1988)


Feynman is recognized as the scientist who led the greatest leap in modern physics. He however, is remembered throughout the school of physics for ‘thinking simple’ and bringing that simplicity into concepts through models and diagrams, which were later popularized as Feynman diagrams, and used to teach concepts in physics across the world.

He helped develop the formation of quantum mechanics, had his hands in the study of ‘superfluidity’, as well as particle physics, and also helped in the making of the atom bomb during the WWII. The British Journal, Physics World, has named him amongst the top ten physicists of the world.

At Los Alamos, the most heavily guarded military installation in the USA, Feynman learned to pick locks, and would often leave safes and filing cabinets open to show that they were no good. He also enjoyed sneaking out a hole in the fence and then going around to the front of the compound and surprising the guards.
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Story-9: A ‘mobile’ what?

John Francis Mitchell
(January 1, 1928 – June 9, 2009)

Martin "Marty" Cooper
(Born December 26, 1928)


Standing at the crossroads of the 21st century, we can not imagine a life without mobile phones; neither could two gentlemen, but as early as the 1970s.

Utilitarianism is at the heart of every invention. While Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone, it was Mitchell & Cooper who took the idea forward and invented the first ‘mobile’ telephone.

Mitchell, who was the boss of Cooper at the Motorola telecommunications, pushed the first prototype mobile telephone in 1973, and within a few years started marketing it through Motorola. This of course changed the course of history and the face of telecommunication industries throughout the world took a ‘mobile’ turn.
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Story-10: Hubble Space Telescope

The need to introduce NASA is redundant. They have always been the leading force in space-time research, and in the year 1990, they launched a droid telescope, which could revolve around the earth’s orbit and take high resolution photography irrespective of background light.

This telescope, named after astronomer Edwin Hubble, led to major discoveries in the field of space-time research. It could take photos of the earth, which would help in multiple fields such as defense and transportation. It also led to the accurate determining of the rate of expansion of the universe.
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Story-11: The God Particle

The European Organization for Nuclear Research a.k.a. CERN (ConseilEuropéen pour la RechercheNucléaire), is famous for operating the largest particle physics laboratory in the world. It was this research facility that has led to the clearing of many concepts in the world of particle physics.

In the year 2013, after years of research, a particle (called Higgs boson) was discovered which could answer questions relating to the existence of mass of other particles, when at rest. This discovery was termed as the god particle, as it could finally lead to answers that the school of particle physics had been posed to for more than 40 years.

© CERN. All images used in this section are provided by CERN for educational and informational use. CERN retains copyright in the image(s). Use of the image(s) by any third party is absolutely prohibited.
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Story-12: Light-emitting diode

Isamu Akasaki
(Born January 30, 1929)

Hiroshi Amano
(Born September 11, 1960)

Shuji Nakamura
(Born May 22, 1954)


Akasaki, Amano and Nakamura — these 3 Japanese scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize in the year 2014, for their discovery of the LED lamp. Ever since the discovery of the electric bulb, science has been at a race to provide light to the world, with lesser and lesser consumption of electricity and keeping it eco-friendly at the same time.

It was these 3 with their foundation of a diode which emits blue light, which won the race. LED lights are much stronger than incandescent lamps, and of course more eco-friendly than fluorescent ones. Ever since this discovery, the 21st century has been lit by LED.

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  • To manufacture CFL Lamps, Auto Lamps & Halogen Lamps.

  • Develop and Manufacture LED based Lamps.

  • Integrate the process of handling glass items to reduce breakages and loss.

  • Re-utilize the heat generated by one process into other process.

  • Install Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) and digital logic controllers to eliminate low machinery parts which are prone to heavy wear and tear.

  • Install Digital Motor controllers to save on motor power & re-design the machines so that number of motors gets reduced.
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